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Financial Cliff Crisis Avoided? Estate Taxes in 2013

In 2012, with the feared “Financial Cliff” looming, many were stressed about the inaction that would cause the estate tax exemption level to be up to $1 million. In the first 2 days of the new year, Congress finally passed the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (ATRA) which makes irreversible the $5 million exemption as well as portability.

Exemption Remains at $5 Million
As formerly specified, the estate tax exemption was expected to be up to $5 million to $1 million per person on January 1, 2013. Nevertheless, ATRA extends 2012’s exemption of $5 million, adjusted for inflation. While the IRS has actually not suggested the exact computation, most anticipate that it will be calculated at a $5.25 million exemption per person (or a $10.5 million exemption per household).

Exemption Is Still Portable
ATRA kept portability of the exemption in between spouses. Mobility means that when one partner passes, the surviving spouse can utilize the deceased partner’s estate tax exemption. Nevertheless, a bypass trust is still an extremely useful tool for individuals to think about, even if you do not think that you would go beyond the exemption at this time. Additionally, do not forget that you must choose mobility– the Internal Revenue Service is not going to just offer you a $5 million exemption.

The Compromise– The Tax Rates Will Rise
While the $5 million exemption excludes numerous more estates from paying estate tax than the projected $1 million exemption would, those that do have an estate above $5 million will be taxed at a higher rate. In 2012, any amount in the estate above $5,120,000 (the $5 million exemption adjusted for inflation) would be taxed at 35%. However, ATRA increases the total up to a 40% tax rate. This rate is a compromise in between the 45% rate that President Obama sought and the 35% tax rate that was in impact for years 2011 and 2012.

Permanence
ATRA made these estate tax provisions irreversible. However, as everything with Congress, this can simply be altered by another bill.

IRS Circular 230 Disclosure: Irs policies usually offer that, for the function of avoiding federal tax penalties, a taxpayer may rely only on official written guidance conference particular requirements. The tax advice in this file does not fulfill those requirements. Appropriately, the tax guidance was not planned or composed to be utilized, and it can not be used, for the function of preventing federal tax penalties which may be imposed.
IRC Sections 6662 Disclosure: The Internal Earnings Code imposes significant “accuracy-related” charges on taxpayers for positions handled an income tax return that lead to a substantial understatement of liability for tax. Taxpayers might avoid such charges by properly revealing positions that are not based upon “significant authority” in accordance with the methods described under Treasury Regulations area 1.6662-4(f).

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